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Orthodontics can benefit patients of virtually any age
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Keeping A Healthy Smile During Orthodontic Treatment
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Getting Braces

Dr. Kemp makes getting your braces as comfortable as possible
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Array

The Right Age

Orthodontics can benefit patients of virtually any age
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Array

Ultra-Esthetic System

Read what our patients are saying about our Ultra-Esthetic System
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Array

Oral Hygiene

Keeping A Healthy Smile During Orthodontic Treatment
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Array

Getting Braces

Dr. Kemp makes getting your braces as comfortable as possible
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Common Orthodontic Problems

  • Spacing

    Spacing between teeth is another common problem associated with the need for orthodontic care. Like crowding, spacing may be related to a tooth-to-jaw size disharmony. Gum tissue attachment called “frenum” is also a common cause of spacing between the front teeth. Excessive overlapping of the front teeth as well as protruding front teeth may lead to spacing. Other contributing factors include missing or impacted teeth and sometimes the teeth are too narrow in width.

  • Crowding

    Crowding of teeth is the most common problem associated with the need for orthodontic care. Although many factors contribute to dental crowding, this problem usually stems from a discrepancy between space available in each jaw and the size of the teeth. Aside from aesthetic considerations, poor alignment of teeth may be associated with periodontal problems and an increased risk of dental decay due to difficulty in maintaining proper oral hygiene.

  • Class II Overjet

    Class II problems represent abnormal bite relationship in which the upper jaw and teeth project ahead of the lower jaw called “overjet”. Class II patients usually exhibit a convex facial profile with a deficient chin prominence. Typically, a Class II problem is inherited and results in a shorter than normal lower jaw. Other factors, such as persistent thumb sucking, can aggravate these problems. Orthodontic correction of this disorder generally requires influencing facial growth to bring the upper and lower jaws and teeth into their proper position.

  • Class III

    Class III problems are also primarily genetic in origin. In this instance, the lower jaw and teeth are displaced to the front of the upper jaw structures. Facially, the appearance may give the impression that the lower jaw is excessively large, but in many cases the lack of upper jaw development is at fault.

  • Crossbite

    Posterior crossbites usually result from a constricted upper jaw or unusually wide lower jaw. A narrow upper jaw will often force a patient to move his lower jaw forward or to the side when closing into a stable bite. When closed into this accommodated position, the lower teeth are located outside the upper teeth. This posturing may result in a incorrect functional position of the lower jaw with accompanying facial symmetry.

  • Deep Bite

    Excessive vertical overlapping of front teeth called "overbite" is generally found in association with a discrepancy between the length of the upper and lower jaws. It usually results in excessive eruption of either the upper or lower front teeth or both.

    Associated problems include: 1) Gummy smile appearance, 2) Lip protrusion or incompetence, 3) Biting the roof of the mouth, and 4) Unwanted wearing of enamel.

  • Open Bite

    A lack of vertical overlap of the front teeth can usually be trace to jaw disharmony or persistent habits (i.e. thumb sucking habits and/or tongue thrusting) or excessive vertical growth of one of both jaws. Early assessment and intervention with these disorders is critical to the overall success.

  • Spacing


    Spacing between teeth is another common problem associated with the need for orthodontic care. Like crowding, spacing may be related to a tooth-to-jaw size disharmony. Gum tissue attachment called “frenum” is also a common cause of spacing between the front teeth. Excessive overlapping of the front teeth as well as protruding front teeth may lead to spacing. Other contributing factors include missing or impacted teeth and sometimes the teeth are too narrow in width.

    Crowding


    Crowding of teeth is the most common problem associated with the need for orthodontic care. Although many factors contribute to dental crowding, this problem usually stems from a discrepancy between space available in each jaw and the size of the teeth. Aside from aesthetic considerations, poor alignment of teeth may be associated with periodontal problems and an increased risk of dental decay due to difficulty in maintaining proper oral hygiene.

    Class II Overjet


    Class II problems represent abnormal bite relationship in which the upper jaw and teeth project ahead of the lower jaw called “overjet”. Class II patients usually exhibit a convex facial profile with a deficient chin prominence. Typically, a Class II problem is inherited and results in a shorter than normal lower jaw. Other factors, such as persistent thumb sucking, can aggravate these problems. Orthodontic correction of this disorder generally requires influencing facial growth to bring the upper and lower jaws and teeth into their proper position.

    Class III


    Class III problems are also primarily genetic in origin. In this instance, the lower jaw and teeth are displaced to the front of the upper jaw structures. Facially, the appearance may give the impression that the lower jaw is excessively large, but in many cases the lack of upper jaw development is at fault.

    Crossbite


    Posterior crossbites usually result from a constricted upper jaw or unusually wide lower jaw. A narrow upper jaw will often force a patient to move his lower jaw forward or to the side when closing into a stable bite. When closed into this accommodated position, the lower teeth are located outside the upper teeth. This posturing may result in a incorrect functional position of the lower jaw with accompanying facial symmetry.

    Deep Bite


    Excessive vertical overlapping of front teeth called "overbite" is generally found in association with a discrepancy between the length of the upper and lower jaws. It usually results in excessive eruption of either the upper or lower front teeth or both. Associated problems include: 1) Gummy smile appearance, 2) Lip protrusion or incompetence, 3) Biting the roof of the mouth, and 4) Unwanted wearing of enamel.

    Open Bite


    A lack of vertical overlap of the front teeth can usually be trace to jaw disharmony or persistent habits (i.e. thumb sucking habits and/or tongue thrusting) or excessive vertical growth of one of both jaws. Early assessment and intervention with these disorders is critical to the overall success.


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